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Published: 2022-12-29

Impact of family structure and sociodemographic characteristics on parents headed families in Ramadi City, Iraq

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq
Resident Medical Officer, Armadale hospital, WA, Australia
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq
Anbar Directorate of Health, prosthodontics, Iraq
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq


Background: Several factors in the family profile contribute significantly to determining the effective policy when heading the family. This study aims to evaluate the sociodemographic and economic burdens on parents-headed families in Ramadi City, west of Iraq.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional household-based survey was conducted from 1st to 28th February 2019 among Iraqi people residents in Ramadi city, Anbar province. A multistage sampling technique was recruited to identify the eligible sample. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview (face-to-face) the respondents. Data from 267 households have undergone univariate and bivariate analyses. Multiple logistic regression, odds ratio (OR), and confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated to explore the predicting variables. The statistically significant is considered at less than 0.05.

Results: The mean age of respondents was 43.88 (± 12.1) years (range: 25 to 69 years). Out of the total surveyed people, 52.8% were young (less than 44 years), male-headed families (59.6%), low educated level (65.5%), unemployed (52.4%), married (67.4%) and headed big families of seven members and above (43.1%). History of chronic diseases and smoking habits was positive among 46.4% and 45.7% of respondents, respectively. Findings of the binary logistic regressions showed that history of smoking (OR = 7.201, 95% CI: 3.254 to15.936), families of 7 members and above (OR = 6.239, 95% CI: 2.938 to 13.250), unhappy (OR = 5.237, 95% CI: 2.140 to 12.818), aged 44 years and above (OR = 3.518, 95% CI: 1.581 to 7.829), being single (unmarried, divorced, widow) (OR = 2.697, 95% CI: 1.230 to 5.914), and had a monthly income of less than USD400 (OR = 2.333, 95% CI: 1.112 to 4.859) are significantly associated with female-headed family.

Conclusion: Priority must be given to some elements such as genetic, physical differences, biopsychosocial factors, and the economic situation when discussing parents' behavior in heading the family.


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How to Cite

Yahyaa BT, Al-Rawi RA, Taha MY, Sarhan YT, Abdul Fatah BNAF, Al-Delaimy AK, Al-Samarrai MAM, Mukhlif OR, Al-Taha MA. Impact of family structure and sociodemographic characteristics on parents headed families in Ramadi City, Iraq . jidhealth [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 29 [cited 2024 May 23];5(4). Available from: