Infection prevention and control (IPC) at a Lassa fever treatment center before and after the implementation of an intensive IPC program

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Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi Oladele Olufemi Ayodeji Ayobami A. Bakare Nelson Adedosu Anthonia Adeagbo Adedamola Odutayo Felix Olugbenga Ayun Ayomide E. Bello

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Background: Infection prevention and control (IPC) programs are important to control the Lassa Fever (LF) outbreak. We reported IPC's status at the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, southwest Nigeria, before and after implementing the IPC program during a surge in the LF outbreak.

Methods: We conducted a longitudinal observational study among five health care professionals at the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, between February 2019 and May 2019 using the IPC Assessment Framework (IPCAF). The tool has eight core components with a score of 0-100 per component and provided a baseline assessment of the IPC program and evaluation after three months. We interviewed relevant unit heads and IPC committee members in the first phase. In the second phase, we designed and implemented the IPC program, and in the third phase, we conducted a repeat interview similar to the first phase. The program initiated included training healthcare workers and providing relevant IPC items according to identified gaps and available funding.

Results: We interviewed five health care professionals, two female nurses, and three male doctors responsible for organizing and implementing IPC activities at the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, with an in-depth understanding of IPC activities.  The overall IPC level score increased from 318.5 at baseline to 545 at three months later. IPC improvements were reported in all the components, with IPC education and training [baseline (20), final (70)], IPC guidelines [baseline (50), final (92.5)] and monitoring/audits of IPC practices and feedback [baseline (40), final (82.5)] recording the highest improvements. Healthcare-associated infection [baseline (10), final (25)], and built environment, materials, and equipment for IPC [baseline (43.5), final (55)] had the least improvement. Poor motivation to adopt recommended changes among hospital staff were major issues preventing improvements.

Conclusion: Promotion of IPC program and activities should be implemented at the Federal Medical Centre, Owo.



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Ilesanmi O, Ayodeji O, Bakare A, Adedosu N, Adeagbo A, Odutayo A, Ayun F, Bello A. Infection prevention and control (IPC) at a Lassa fever treatment center before and after the implementation of an intensive IPC program. jidhealth [Internet]. 21Oct.2020 [cited 24Nov.2020];3(3):213-6. Available from: